北京快乐8下载

乱停车业主车辆被禁止自由出入小区,法院: 权利的行使必须遵守管理公约

来源:北京快乐8下载_北京快乐8app下载-官方认证

 

一滴水,能折射太阳光辉。

一桩案,能彰显法治道理。

 

最高人民法院官方微信推出“小案大道理 时代新风尚”栏目,带您一起回顾那些熠熠生辉的“小案”,回味那些蕴含其中的“道理”,共同感受每一个司法案件中所弘扬的公平正义正能量。今天回顾的是乱停车业主车辆被禁止自由出入小区案,全国人大代表、浙江省衢州市柯城区人民医院副院长陈玮以及浙江大学光华法北京快乐8下载副教授、法学博士陆青进行了精彩点评。

 

案情回顾

 

北京快乐8下载JIMINGYEZHUBUTINGQUANDAO,DUOCIBUWENMINGTINGCHE,BINGJUQIANWENMINGTINGCHECHENGNUOSHU,BEIWUYESHANCHUXIAOQUZHADAOKOUCHELIANGZIDONGSHIBIEXINXI,SHIQULECHELIANGZIYOUJINCHUXIAOQUDEBIANLI。YEZHUYITONGXINGQUANSHOUQINFANWEIYOUQISUWUYEGONGSI。

JINNIANCHU,ZHEJIANGSHENGQUZHOUSHIQUJIANGQURENMINFAYUANYIFASHENLILEZHEIQIWUQUANJIUFENAN,PANJUEBOHUIYUANGAODESUSONGQINGQIU。RIQIAN,QUZHOUSHIZHONGJIRENMINFAYUANERSHENWEICHILEYUANPAN。

浙江衢州某小区建成后,地面停车位仅有20余个,远远满足不了全部业主的停车需求。有的业主为图方便省事,经常随意将车辆停放在车位之外的小区道路上,既影响了小区的文明形象,又增加了消防安全隐患。为此,物业和相关部门经常对违停业主开展劝导,但收效甚微。

WEIJIEJUEXIAOQUTINGCHENANTI,YOUYEZHUTICHU,ZAIXIAOQUDAOLUSHANGZENGJIATINGCHEWEI,DANJINGXIAOFANGBUMENXIANCHANGCESHI,RUGUOXINZENGCHEWEIDEHUA,JIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGXIAOFANGYINGJIJIUYUAN,XINZENGCHEWEITIAOJIANBUJUBEI。

2019NIANSHANGBANNIAN,WUYEGONGSIGENJUBUFENYEZHUJIANYI,ZHIDINGLE《XIAOQUCHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUE(SHIXING)》,HUODELESANFENZHIERYISHANGYEZHUZANCHENG。GONGYUEGUIDING,XIAOQUDIMIANTINGCHEWEIXIANDAOXIANDE,TINGMANHOU,YOUCHEKUDEYEZHUXUJIANGCHELIANGTINGRUDIXIACHEKU,WUCHEKUDEYEZHUXUZIXINGSHILIXIAOQU。DUIXIAOQUNEIWEIGUITINGFANGDECHELIANG,WUYEGONGSIJIANGJINXINGWENMINGQUANZU,QUANZUHOURENGBUPEIHE,BAOZONGHEZHIFAJU、GONGANJIAOJINGJIXIAOFANGBUMENCHULI,LEISIXINGWEILEIJISANCIDE,SHANCHUCHELIANGDEZIDONGSHIBIEXINXIDENG。

GUANLIGONGYUESHISHIHOU,ZHOUMOUDENGYEZHURENGRANJINGCHANGJIANGZIJIACHELIANGTINGFANGZAICHEWEIZHIWAI,QIEDUIHELIQUANDAOBUYULICAI,BINGJUJUEZAIWENMINGTINGCHECHENGNUOSHUSHANGQIANZI。2019NIAN5YUEQIANHOU,WUYEGONGSIYIJUGUANLIGONGYUE,SHANCHULEZHADAOKOUZHOUMOUDENGCHELIANGDEZIDONGSHIBIEXINXI。2019NIAN12YUE,ZHOUMOUDENGXIANGQUJIANGFAYUANTIQISUSONG,YAOQIUXIAOQUHUIFUQICHELIANGZIYOUCHURUXIAOQUDEQUANLI。


 

FAYUANJINGSHENLIHOURENWEI,BEIGAOZUOWEIXIAOQUDEQIANQIWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIGUANLIGONGSI,WEIJIEJUEYINCHEDUOWEISHAOYINFADETINGCHEJIUFEN,ZAIJIEHEYEZHUJIANYIYIJIXIANGGUANBUMENDIAOCHUYIJIANDEJICHUSHANG,ZHIDINGLECHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUE,BINGJINGYIJIANZHENGJI,HUODESANFENZHIERYISHANGDEYEZHUZANCHENG,GUSHANGSHUCHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUEDUIXIAOQUYEZHUJUNJUYOUYUESHULI。

 

北京快乐8下载ZHOUMOUDENGJIASHIDECHELIANGDUOCIBUANGUIDINGTINGFANGQIEBUTINGHELIWENMINGQUANDAO,YOUJUJUEQIANSHUZUNSHOUGUANLIGONGYUEDECHENGNUOSHU,WEIQUEBAOXIAOQUXIAOFANGANQUAN,WUYEYIJUGUANLIGONGYUEDUIWEITINGCHELIANGSHISHIGUANLI,BINGJIANGQICHELIANGZIDONGSHIBIEXINXISHANCHU,BINGWUMINGXIANBUDANG。

 

TINGSHENZHONG,WUYEGONGSIMINGQUETICHU,RUYUANGAOSHUMIANCHENGNUOZUNSHOUCHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUE,KEYIHUIFUQIDENGJICHELIANGDEZIDONGSHIBIEXINXI,SHIQIJINCHUXIAOQUBUSHOUYINGXIANG,DANZHOUMOUDENGRENGMINGQUEBIAOSHIJUJUEZUNSHOU。GAISHISHIZUYIBIAOMING,YUANGAOZHISUOYISHIQUJINCHUXIAOQUDEBIANLI,XIYINQIZISHENJUBUCHENGDANWENMINGTINGCHEDEYIWUSUOZHI,YOUCIDAOZHIDEBULIHOUGUOYIYINGYOUQIZIXINGCHENGDAN。ZONGHEQUANANZHENGJU,QUJIANGFAYUANYISHENPANJUEBOHUIZHOUMOUDENGYEZHUDESUSONGQINGQIU。

 

QUJIANGFAYUANTEBIEZHICHU,ZAIXIAOQULI,YEZHUWUYIXIANGYOUGUANGFANQUANLI,DANYEYAOKANDAO,XIAOQUJUEFEIFAWAIZHIDI,YEZHUDEQUANLIYEBINGFEIHAOWUBIANJIE。YEZHUZAIXINGSHIWUQUANSHI,YINGDANGZUNSHOUFALV,ZUNZHONGSHEHUIGONGDE,ZUNSHOUYEZHUGUANLIGONGYUE,BUDESUNHAIGONGGONGLIYIHETARENHEFAQUANYI。JINNIANLAI,SUIZHESIJIACHEYUELAIYUEDUODIZOUJINXUNCHANGBAIXINGJIA,XIAOQUCHEWEIBUZUDEWENTIRIYITUCHU,BUWENMINGTINGCHEXINGWEIXIANGDUIPUBIAN,RUGUOYEZHUBUGUSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIHETARENHEFAQUANYIXINGSHIQUANLI,KENENGGOUCHENGQUANLILANYONG,BUNENGDEDAOFALVDEZHICHI,YOUCIERDAOZHIDEBULIHOUGUOYEYAOYOUZIJILAICHENGDAN。

 

QUJIANGFAYUANPANJUEHOU,ZHOUMOUDENGYEZHUTIQISHANGSU,QUZHOUSHIZHONGJIRENMINFAYUANYIFASHOULIGAISHANGSUANJIAN。CHENGBANFAGUANZHUYIDAOZAIYISHENGUOCHENGZHONG,WUYEGONGSIYIJINGMINGQUEBIAOSHI,RUGUOZHOUMOUDENGSHUMIANCHENGNUOZUNSHOUCHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUE,KEYIHUIFUQIDENGJICHELIANGDEZIDONGSHIBIEXINXI,SHIQIJINCHUXIAOQUBUSHOUYINGXIANG,DANZHOUMOUDENGRENGMINGQUEBIAOSHIJUJUEZUNSHOU。

 

ERSHENGUOCHENGZHONG,CHENGBANFAGUANLEJIEDAOWUYEGONGSIRENGJIUTONGYIRANGZHOUMOUDENGZUOCHUSHUMIANCHENGNUOHOU,RANGZHOUMOUDENGJINCHUXIAOQU,YUSHIFANFUQUANSHUORANGZHOUMOUDENGRENJIESHOUGAICHULIFANGSHI,DANZHOUMOUDENGRENRENGJIUMINGQUEBIAOSHIJUJUE。GAIANJINGHEYITINGTAOLUN,YIZHIRENWEI,YEZHUXIANGYOUZAIXIAOQUTINGCHEDEQUANLI,DANSHIQIQUANLIDEXINGSHIBIXUZUNSHOUYEZHUGUANLIGONGYUE,BUDESUNHAIGONGGONGLIYIHETARENHEFAQUANYI。ZUIZHONG,YIFABOHUISHANGSU,WEICHIYUANPAN。

 

专家点评

 

浙江大学光华法北京快乐8下载副教授、法学博士陆青: 详解本案涉及的三个法律问题


XIAOQUTINGCHEWEIWENTIYIZHISHIXUELIHESHIJIANZHENGYIDEREDIANWENTI。ZAITINGCHEZIYUANKEGUANYOUXIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOYEZHUGONGYUE、GUANLIGUIYUEDEFANGSHIXIEDIAOYEZHUZHIJIANDELIYI,HUOXUSHIHUAJIEKUNJINGDEZUIHELIFANGSHI。SHISHISHANG,MINFADIANDUIYEZHUQUANLIDEXIUGAIWANSHAN,YIJIXINZENGWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIHETONGZHANGJIE,DOUSHISHITUJINYIBUTUIJINYEZHUZIZHI。ZHIYOUYEZHUCHONGFENSHIXIANZIZHI,YOUDONGLIQUZIZHI,CAINENGCONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEXIAOQUZHILIHECHENGSHIJICENGSHEHUIZHILIDEWANJI。

 

ZHEIQIZHONG,GUANLIGUIYUEZUOWEIYEZHUZIZHIDEHEXINGONGJU,JINGGUOYEZHUGONGTONGJUEYIDESHIXIANG,BIXUNENGZHENZHENGFAHUIXIAOYONG,ZHENGTAOWUYEGUANLIZHIDUDEYUNXINGCAINENGYOUSUOBAOZHANG。WEILEBAOZHANGYEZHUZHENGDANGLIYIBUSHOUBUHELIBUHEFADEYEZHUJUEYIDENGDEYINGXIANG,MINFADIAN、WUQUANFADOUFUYUYOULIHAIGUANXIDEYEZHUTONGGUOSUSONGDENGFANGSHICHEXIAOBUDANGDEYEZHUDAHUIHUOYEWEIHUIJUEYI。

 

BENANSHEJISANGEHEXINWENTI:

 

一是作为违反管理规约停车的业主究竟享有何种权利和义务?


二是对业主在小区内的不当行为,谁有权予以制止甚至处理?


三是具体如何处理?



北京快乐8下载ZHENDUIDIYIGEWENTI,XUYAOKAOLVDESHI,ZUOWEIYEZHU,SHIFOUYOUQUANZHUZHANGMANZUQIZAIXIAOQUNEIZIYOUTINGFANGCHELIANGDEQUANLI?DUICI,WUQUANFASHANGJINGUIDINGJIANZHUQUHUANEI,GUIHUAYONGYUTINGFANGQICHEDECHEWEI、CHEKUYINGDANGSHOUXIANMANZUYEZHUDEXUYAO。DANZAIBENANZHONG,YINWEIXIAOQUTINGCHEZIYUANKEGUANKUIFA,KEGUANSHANGWUFAMANZUMEIGEYEZHUDETINGCHEXUYAO,YINCI,XIANZHIHEGUIFANYEZHUDETINGCHEZIYOU,BINGBUWEIFANWUQUANFADEGUIDING。GENGWEIZHONGYAODESHI,WUQUANFADIBASHISANTIAOGUIDINGYEZHUJUYOUZUNSHOUFALV、FAGUIYIJIGUANLIGUIYUEDEYIWU。GUANLIGUIYUEZUOWEIYEZHUZIZHIDECHANWU,ZHIYAOFUHEYEZHUGONGTONGJUEDINGDEYAOQIUJIUYINGGAIDUIMEIGEYEZHUJUYOUJUSHULI。

 

ZAIZHEIYIDIANSHANG,BENANFANYINGDEQINGKUANGSHIWUYEGONGSIGENJUBUFENYEZHUJIANYIZHIDINGDE《XIAOQUCHELIANGGUANLIGONGYUE(SHIXING)》,JIEGUOHUODESANFENZHIERYISHANGYEZHUDEZANCHENG。GENJUWUQUANFADIQISHILIUTIAOGUIDING,ZHIDINGHEXIUGAIGUANLIGUIYUESHUYUYEZHUGONGTONGJUEDINGDESHIXIANG,ZHIXUYAOJINGZHUANYOUBUFENZHANJIANZHUWUZONGMIANJIGUOBANSHUDEYEZHUQIEZONGRENSHUGUOBANSHUDEYEZHUTONGYI。BENANSUOFANYINGDESANFENZHIERYISHANGYEZHUZANCHENG,YESHUOMINGLEGAIGUANLIGONGYUEDETONGGUOMANZULEWUQUANFAQIANSHUGUIDINGDEYAOQIU,YINCILIYINGYOUXIAO。ZAIZHEIGELUOJISHANG,WENTIDEZHONGXINBINGBUSHIYEZHUYOUWUQUANLILANYONG——GAIYEZHUBENJIUMEIYOUKEYIWEIGUITINGCHEDEQUANLI——ERSHIYEZHUWEIFANLEXIANGGUANGUANLIGONGYUEDEYIWU,YOUCIYEYINGGAICHENGDANWEIFANZHEIZHONGYIWUSUODAILAIDEZEREN。

 

ZHENDUIDIERGEWENTI,WUQUANFAGUIDINGYEZHUDAHUI、YEZHUWEIYUANHUIDUIQINZHANTONGDAODENGXINGWEI,YOUQUANYAOQIUXINGWEIREN(BAOKUOYEZHU)TINGZHIQINHAI、XIAOCHUWEIXIAN、PAICHUFANGAI、PEICHANGSUNSHI,SIHUBINGWEIFUYUWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYEXIANGTONGDEQUANLI。DANZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,GENJUWUQUANFADIBASHIERTIAODEGUIDING,WUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYEHUOZHEQITAGUANLIRENGENJUYEZHUDEWEITUOGUANLIJIANZHUQUHUANEIDEJIANZHUWUJIQIFUSHUSHESHI,BINGJIESHOUYEZHUDEJIANDU。

 

ZHULIUGUANDIANRENWEI,WUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYESHISHIDEXINGWEI,BAOKUOWUDEGUANLIHERENDEGUANLILIANGGEBUFEN,JIWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYEBUJINYINGGAIGUANLIXIANGGUANDEJIANZHUWUJIQIFUSHUSHESHI,HAIYAOWEIHUWUYEGUANLIQUYUNEIDEZHIXU。ERQIZHISUOYINENGGOUGUANLIXIANGGUANYEZHUDEBUDANGXINGWEI,QIGUANLIQUANLIDELAIYUANZHENGSHIGAITIAOSUOCHENGDE“YEZHUDEWEITUO”。ZHEIZHONGWEITUO,WEIBIXUYAOJUTIMINGQUEDESHOUQUAN。ANZHAOGUANLIGONGYUEDEYAOQIULVXINGXIANGGUANWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIZHIZE,SHIWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYEJIYUWUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIHETONGGUANXIDANGRANCHANSHENGDEYIWU。BENANZHONG,WUYEBEIJINGKUAILE8XIAZAIQIYEYEZHENGSHIJIYUZHEIGEGUANLIGONGYUEDENEIRONG,LVXINGQIYINGJINDEZHIZE。

 

GUANYUDISANGEWENTI,GUANLIGONGYUEMINGQUEDUIWEIGUITINGCHEXINGWEICHAOGUOSANCI,ZAIQUANZUBUPEIHEDEQINGKUANGXIAKEYISHANCHUCHELIANGDEZIDONGSHIBIEXINXI。ZHEIYANGDEYUEDINGCHONGFENKAOLVLEDUIYEZHUTINGCHEQUANLIDEWEIHU,SHITONGSHIKAOLVXIAOQUTINGCHEZHIXU、XIAOFANGANQUANHEXIAOQUZHENGTILIYIPINGHENGXIADEHELIJUCUO,ZAIBIZHEKANLAI,BINGBUCUNZAIGUANLIGUODANGDEWENTI。YINCI,YEZHUYINGCHENGDANZISHENBUDANGXINGWEIZAOCHENGDEHOUGUO,ZHEIYEQIAQIASHISHIJIANYEZHUZIZHIDEJUTITIXIAN。

 

代表点评

 

 

 

 

  

全国人大代表、浙江省衢州市柯城区人民医院副院长

陈玮

尊重小区业主依法自治

JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEJUMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAO,SIJIACHEBAOYOULIANGCHIXUKUAISUZENGZHANG。YUCITONGSHI,TINGCHENANWENTIYEZHUJIANXIANXIAN。ZHANGQIYILAI,XIAOQUNEILUANTINGCHEXIANXIANGJINERBUJUE,SHENZHIYUYANYULIE。ZHEIYESHIYOUFAXIAOQUYEZHUHEWUYEZHIJIANCHANSHENGJIUFENDEYUANYINZHIYI。RUHEGUIFANYEZHUTINGCHEWENTIYIRANCHENGWEIDANGXIADEYIGEZHONGYAOKETI。

 

北京快乐8下载ZONGGUANGEZHONGGUIFANYEZHUCHETINGDE“ZHILISHOUDUAN”,YIFAZHIDINGYEZHUGUANLIGONGYUE,YIZIZHIDEFANGSHIJINXINGGUIZHI,HUOWEIYIZHONGGONGYUNGAOXIAODEFANGSHI。BIJINGYEZHUGUANLIGONGYUEFANYINGDESHIDADUOSHUYEZHUDEYIZHI,SHIZHILIFANGSHIDEZUIDAGONGYUESHU。CIWAI,QUANLIYUYIWUXIANGBANERSHENG,ZAIXIANGSHOUQUANLIDAILAIBIANLIDETONGSHI,YEYAOKESHOUZUNZHONGGUIZEDEYIWU。

 

BIZHERENWEI,YIFAZHIDINGDEGUANLIGONGYUE,QUANTIYEZHUDOUYINGDANGZUNSHOU。XIAOQUPINZHIDETIGAO,XUYAOQUANTIYEZHUHEWUYEGONGSIGONGTONGNULI、XIANGHUPEIHE。YEZHUZAIXINGSHIQUANLIDETONGSHI,YEFUYOUJIJIPEIHEWUYEGONGSIYIFAYIYUELVZHI、GONGTONGWEIHUXIAOQUHEXIEZHIXUDEYIWU。FAYUANWEIWUYEGONGSIYIFALVZHICHENGYAOERZUOCHUDEBOHUIPANJUE,JISHIDUIXIAOQUYEZHUYIFAZIZHIDEZUNZHONG,YESHIXIANGSHEHUICHUANDAO“QUANLIBUDELANYONG”DESIFATAIDU。ZHEIZHONGQIZHIXIANMING、CHONGMANZHENGNENGLIANGDEPANJUE,ZHIDEDIANZAN。


 

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